@iobroker/testing

Shared utilities for adapter and module testing in ioBroker

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@iobroker/testing
This repo provides utilities for testing of ioBroker adapters and other ioBroker-related modules. It supports:
  • Unit tests using mocks (without a running JS-Controller)
  • Integration tests that test against a running JS-Controller instance.

The unit tests are realized using the following tools that are provided by this module:
  • A mock database which implements the most basic functionality of ioBroker's Objects and States DB by operating on Map objects.
  • A mock Adapter that is connected to the mock database. It implements basic functionality of the real Adapter class, but only operates on the mock database.

Predefined methods for both unit and integration tests are exported.

Usage

Validating package files (package.json, io-package.json, ...)

const path = require("path");
const { tests } = require("@iobroker/testing");

// Run tests
tests.packageFiles(path.join(__dirname, ".."));
//                 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
// This should be the adapter's root directory

Adapter startup (Integration test)

Run the following snippet in a mocha test file to test the adapter startup process against a real JS-Controller instance:
const path = require("path");
const { tests } = require("@iobroker/testing");

// Run tests
tests.integration(path.join(__dirname, ".."), {
	//            ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
	// This should be the adapter's root directory

	// If the adapter may call process.exit during startup, define here which exit codes are allowed.
	// By default, termination during startup is not allowed.
	allowedExitCodes: [11],

	// To test against a different version of JS-Controller, you can change the version or dist-tag here.
	// Make sure to remove this setting when you're done testing.
	controllerVersion: "latest", // or a specific version like "4.0.1"

	// Define your own tests inside defineAdditionalTests
	defineAdditionalTests({ suite }) {
		// All tests (it, describe) must be grouped in one or more suites. Each suite sets up a fresh environment for the adapter tests.
		// At the beginning of each suite, the databases will be reset and the adapter will be started.
		// The adapter will run until the end of each suite.

		// Since the tests are heavily instrumented, each suite gives access to a so called "harness" to control the tests.
		suite("Test sendTo()", (getHarness) => {
			// For convenience, get the current suite's harness before all tests
			let harness;
			before(() => {
				harness = getHarness();
			});

			it("Should work", () => {
				return new Promise(async (resolve) => {
					// Start the adapter and wait until it has started
					await harness.startAdapterAndWait();

					// Perform the actual test:
					harness.sendTo("adapter.0", "test", "message", (resp) => {
						console.dir(resp);
						resolve();
					});
				});
			});
		});

		// While developing the tests, you can run only a single suite using `suite.only`...
		suite.only("Only this will run", (getHarness) => {
			// ...
		});
		// ...or prevent a suite from running using `suite.skip`:
		suite.skip("This will never run", (getHarness) => {
			// ...
		});
	},
});

Adapter startup (Unit test)

Unit tests for adapter startup were removed and are essentially a no-op now.
If you defined your own tests, they should still work.
const path = require("path");
const { tests } = require("@iobroker/testing");

tests.unit(path.join(__dirname, ".."), {
	//     ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
	// This should be the adapter's root directory

	// Define your own tests inside defineAdditionalTests.
	// If you need predefined objects etc. here, you need to take care of it yourself
	defineAdditionalTests() {
		it("works", () => {
			// see below how these could look like
		});
	},
});

Helper functions for your own tests

Under utils, several functions are exposed to use in your own tests:
const { utils } = require("@iobroker/testing");

Currently, only utils.unit is defined which contains tools for unit tests:

createMocks()

const { database, adapter } = utils.unit.createMocks();
// or (with custom adapter options)
const { database, adapter } = utils.unit.createMocks(adapterOptions);

This method creates a mock database and a mock adapter. See below for a more detailed description

createAsserts()

const asserts = utils.unit.createAsserts(database, adapter);

This methods takes a mock database and adapter and creates a set of asserts for your tests. All IDs may either be a string, which is taken literally, or an array of strings which are concatenated with ".". If an ID is not fully qualified, the adapter namespace is prepended automatically.
  • assertObjectExists(id: string | string[]) asserts that an object with the given ID exists in the database.
  • assertStateExists(id: string | string[]) asserts that a state with the given ID exists in the database.
  • assertStateHasValue(id: string | string[], value: any) asserts that a state has the given value.
  • assertStateIsAcked(id: string | string[], ack: boolean = true) asserts that a state is acked (or not if ack === false).
  • assertStateProperty(id: string | string[], property: string, value: any) asserts that one of the state's properties (e.g. from) has the given value
  • assertObjectCommon(id: string | string[], common: ioBroker.ObjectCommon) asserts that an object's common part includes the given common object.
  • assertObjectNative(id: string | string[], native: object) asserts that an object's native part includes the given native object.

MockDatabase

TODO

MockAdapter

TODO

Example

Here's an example how this can be used in a unit test:
import { tests, utils } from "@iobroker/testing";

// Run tests
tests.unit(path.join(__dirname, ".."), {
	//     ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
	// This should be the adapter's root directory

	// Define your own tests inside defineAdditionalTests
	defineAdditionalTests() {
		// Create mocks and asserts
		const { adapter, database } = utils.unit.createMocks();
		const { assertObjectExists } = utils.unit.createAsserts(
			database,
			adapter,
		);

		describe("my test", () => {
			afterEach(() => {
				// The mocks keep track of all method invocations - reset them after each single test
				adapter.resetMockHistory();
				// We want to start each test with a fresh database
				database.clear();
			});

			it("works", () => {
				// Create an object in the fake db we will use in this test
				const theObject: ioBroker.PartialObject = {
					_id: "whatever",
					type: "state",
					common: {
						role: "whatever",
					},
				};
				mocks.database.publishObject(theObject);

				// Do something that should be tested

				// Assert that the object still exists
				assertObjectExists(theObject._id);
			});
		});
	},
});