@jdes/mutex

Asynchronous, synchronous and delayed Mutex with Promises.

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Readme

Mutex
Asynchronous, synchronous and delayed Mutex with ES6 and Promises.

Table of contents

Properties Methods

Setup

This module can then be installed with yarn:
yarn add @jdes/mutex

Usage

Import module:
/**
 * @class {Mutex}
 */
const Mutex = require('@jdes/mutex');

Instantiate:
/**
 * @type {Mutex}
 */
const mutex = new Mutex();

Example:
// Instantiate
const mutex = new Mutex();
let name = null;
let iterations = 0;

// Lock and perform and unlock asynchronously
mutex.asynchronous()
  .then((unlock) => {
    name = 'Jean Desravines';
    unlock();
  })
  .catch(() => {
    console.error('Mutex is locked');
  });

// Lock, perform and unlock asynchronously with delay.
// This section try to lock every 100ms but the delay accept to be locked every 200ms.
const interval = setInterval(() => {
  mutex.delayed(200)
    .then(() => iterations++)
    .then(() => {
      if (iterations === 5) {
        clearInterval(interval);
      } else {
        console.log(iterations);
      }
    });
}, 100);

API

Properties

locked: boolean

Indicate if the mutex is locked
Example:
console.log(mutex.locked ? 'Locked' : 'Unlocked');

Methods

lock(): boolean

  • returns true if the mutex success to lock

Try to lock synchronously the mutex and return true if it success
Example:
if (mutex.lock()) {
  console.log('Success');
} else {
  console.error('Error');
}

unlock(): Promise

  • returns a resolved Promise

Unlock the mutex
Example:
mutex.unlock()
  .then(() => {
    console.log('Unlocked');
  });

asynchronous(): Promise

  • return a Promise resolved with the unlock callback if the mutex success to lock.

Try to lock the mutex and resolve the promise
Example:
mutex.asynchronous()
  .then((unlock) => {
    // Unlock after 1s
    setTimeout(unlock, 1000);
  });

delayed(delay: number): Promise

  • delay the delay in ms
  • return a Promise resolved with tLOCKEDhe unlock callback if the mutex success to lock.

Try to lock the mutex and resolve the promise. The mutex can be unlocked only in a interval of delay ms.
The interval is computed when the method is called so you can unlock the mutex before the end of the interval with mutex.unlock() or invoke an othe mutex.delay(delay: number) with a lesser delay.
You should have a mutex for every feature and not reuse a mutex for others. It is useful to keep performance on polling functions.
Example:
let iterations = 0;
const interval = setInterval(() => {
  mutex.delayed(200)
    .then(() => {
      if (iterations++ === 5) {
        clearInterval(interval);
      } else {
        console.log(iterations);
      }
    });
}, 100);