React List Component using the Intersection Observer API

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React Intersection List

Build Status Codecov NPM version styled with prettier

Agent Smith: ...we have no choice but to continue as planned. Deploy the sentinels. Immediately.

React Intersection List builds on top of React Intersection Observer, using a sentinel in the DOM to deliver a high-performance and smooth scrolling experience, even on low-end devices.

Table of Contents
- How to - FAQ - Props - Examples

Getting Started

$ npm install --save @researchgate/react-intersection-list

And optionally the polyfill:
$ npm install --save intersection-observer

Next create a <List> and two instance methods as props children and itemRenderer:
import React, { Component } from 'react';
import List from '@researchgate/react-intersection-list';

export default class InfiniteList extends Component {
  itemsRenderer = (items, ref) => (
    <ul className="list" ref={ref}>

  itemRenderer = (index, key) => <li key={key}>{index}</li>;

  render() {
    return (

Note that <List> is a PureComponent so it can keep itself from re-rendering. It's highly recommended to avoid creating new functions for renderItem and itemsRenderer so that it can successfully shallow compare props on re-render.

Why React Intersection List?

The approach to infinite scrolling was commonly done by devs implementing throttled scroll event callbacks. This keeps the main thread unnecessarily busy... No more! IntersectionObservers invoke callbacks in a low-priority and asynchronous way by design.
Agent Smith: Never send a human to do a machine's job.

The implementation follows these steps:
  1. Add a sentinel close to the last item in the list
  2. Update the list moving the internal cursor
  3. Trigger a callback when the sentinel comes into view
  4. Reposition the recycled sentinel at the end
  5. Repeat (∞) ?


How to

Provided an itemsRenderer prop you must attach the ref argument to your scrollable DOM element:
<div ref={ref}>{items}</div>

This element specifies overflow: auto|scroll and it'll become the IntersectionObserver root. If the overflow property isn't found, then window will be used as the root instead.
The sentinel element is by default detached from the list when the current size reaches the available length, unless you're using awaitMore. In case your list is in memory and you rely on the list for incremental rendering only, the default detaching behavior suffices. If you're loading more items in an asynchoronous way, make sure you switch awaitMore once you reach the total length (bottom of the list).
The prop itemCount must be used if the prop items is not provided, and viceversa. Calculating the list size is done by adding the current size and the page size until the items' length is reached.


Why am I receiving too many onIntersection callbacks We extend PureComponent. That means, if the parent component re-renders and the props passed to your <List /> don't hold the same reference anymore, the list re-renders and we accidentally restart the IntersectionObserver of the Sentinel.
Do I always need to assign the ref? Yes, the ref callback will be used as the root and is forwarded to the IntersectionObserver within the Sentinel.
What's the threshold value, and why does it need a unit? The threshold value is the amount of space needed before the sentinel intersects with the root. The prop is transformed into a valid rootMargin property for the IntersectionObserver, depending on the axis you select. As a sidenote, we believe that a percentage unit works best for responsive layouts.
I am getting a console warning when I first load the list
The sentinel detected a viewport with a bigger size than the size of its items...
The prop pageSize is 10 by default, so make sure you're not falling short on items when you first render the component. The idea of an infinite scrolling list is that items overflow the viewport, so that users have the impression that there're always more items available.
Why doesn't the list render my updated list element(s)? The list renders items based on its props. An update somewhere else in your app (or within your list item) might update your list element(s), but if your list's currentLength prop for instance, remains unchanged, the list prevents a re-render. Updating the entire infinite list when one of its items has changed is far from optimal. Instead, update each item individually with some form of connect() function or observables.
Are you planning to implement a "virtual list mode" like react-virtualized? Yes, there's already an open issue to implement a mode using occlusion culling. It will be implemented in a future release. If you can't wait, you could help us out by opening a Pull Request :)


| property | type | default | description | | --------------------- | ------------------------------------------------------------------ | ---------------------------------------------- | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- | | renderItem/children | (index: number, key: number) => React.Element | (index, key) => <div key={key}>{index}</div> | render function as children or render props;
gets call once for each item. | | itemsRenderer | (items: Array(React.Element), ref: HTMLElement) => React.Element | (items, ref) => <div ref={ref}>{items}</div> | render function for the list's
root element, often returning a scrollable element. | | itemCount/items | number/Array (or Iterable Object) | 0 | item count to render. | | awaitMore | boolean | | if true keeps the sentinel from detaching. | | onIntersection | (size: number, pageSize: number) => void | | invoked when the sentinel comes into view. | | threshold | string | 100px | value in absolute px or %
as spacing before the sentinel hits the edge of the list's viewport. | | axis | string | y | scroll direction: y == vertical and x == horizontal | | pageSize | number | 10 | number of items to render each hit. | | initialIndex | number | 0 | start position of iterator of items. |


Find multiple examples under: https://researchgate.github.io/react-intersection-list/


We'd love your help on creating React Intersection List!
Before you do, please read our Code of Conduct so you know what we expect when you contribute to our projects.
Our Contributing Guide tells you about our development process and what we're looking for, gives you instructions on how to issue bugs and suggest features, and explains how you can build and test your changes.
Haven't contributed to an open source project before? No problem! Contributing Guide has you covered as well.