@sap/instance-manager

Node.js package for creating and deleting service instances per tenant within an application at runtime.

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@sap/instance-manager
Node.js package for creating and deleting service instances per tenant within an application at runtime.

Overview

This package provides a client for Instance Manager, Service Manager and Migration Manager - components that create and delete service instances (via REST API) for a specified key. These components can be used in the context of multitenant applications where the tenant id is the key an instance is associated with.
Multitenancy is a concept for sharing resources between several different and unrelated to each other groups of users called tenants. Example: subscriptions to a commercial cloud application can be sold to two different companies each of which should use the application in isolation from the other one. Customizations are also applied (e.g. different branding, identity providers, database schemas etc.).
A typical application has access to external resources (e.g. a database or messaging) via services. If an application is used by different tenants, then using a separate service instance for each one will improve isolation since service binding provides access to a resource.
With this package a Node.js application can dynamically create and delete service instances per tenant at runtime.
To consume Instance Manager, an instance of a managed service of the desired type is created first and is then bound to the application. Taking HANA database as an example, the managed service is called 'managed-hana'. Its credentials contain HTTP endpoints and credentials only which can later be used by the application for creating and deleting service instances of the desired type for each tenant. All managed instances are of the same plan - the one used during the managed service instance creation (e.g. creating a managed-hana service of plan hdi-shared would mean managing service instances of this plan only).
To consume Service Manager, an instance of the service-manager service, container plan should be created. Its credentials contain parameters that are used at runtime to manage service instances. Instances of any available service and plan can be managed with a single instance of Service Manager. The application specifies which service and plan to be used by the library.

Migration Manager

The Migration Manager is created to a supply smooth migration from Instance Manager (deprecated) to Service Manager. To consume Migration Manager, both Instance Manager and Service Manager credentials have to be passed as input (as imOpts and smOpts).
var createInstanceManager = require('@sap/instance-manager').create;

var options = {
  imOpts: { /* properties from service binding */},
  smOpts: {/* properties from service binding */}
};
createInstanceManager(options, function (err, instanceManager) {
  if (err) {
    return console.log('Create migration manager error:', err.message);
  }

  var optionalParameters = {
    /* Optional JSON object containing service-specific configuration parameters */
    "provisioning_parameters": { "<key>" : "<key>" },
  };
  instanceManager.create('my-tenant', optionalParameters, function (err, instance) {
    if (err) {
      return console.log('Create error:', err.message);
    }

    // consume instance.credentials
    console.log(instance);

    instanceManager.get('my-tenant', function (err, instance) {
      if (err) {
        return console.log('Get error:', err.message);
      }

      // same instance
      console.log(instance);

      instanceManager.delete('my-tenant', function (err) {
        if (err) {
          return console.log('Delete error:', err.message);
        }

        console.log('Instance deleted');
      });
    });
  });
});
Migration Manager is applicable only for CF runtime, as Service Manager is not available for XSA.

API

var createInstanceManager = require('@sap/instance-manager').create;

var options = { /* properties from service binding */ };
createInstanceManager(options, function (err, migrationManager) {
  if (err) {
    return console.log('Create instance manager error:', err.message);
  }

  var optionalParameters = {
    /* Optional JSON object containing service-specific configuration parameters */
    "provisioning_parameters": { "<key>" : "<key>" }
  };
  migrationManager.create('my-tenant', optionalParameters, function (err, instance) {
    if (err) {
      return console.log('Create error:', err.message);
    }

    // consume instance.credentials
    console.log(instance);

    migrationManager.get('my-tenant', function (err, instance) {
      if (err) {
        return console.log('Get error:', err.message);
      }

      // same instance
      console.log(instance);

      migrationManager.delete('my-tenant', function (err) {
        if (err) {
          return console.log('Delete error:', err.message);
        }

        console.log('Instance deleted');
      });
    });
  });
});

Options

Instance Manager parameters

The following properties are provided in the credentials of the Instance Manager service binding.
Property | Mandatory | Details -------- | --------- | ------- user | x | User for authentication. password | x | Password for the user. postmanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for creating a new service instance for a tenant. getmanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for getting the details about a specific tenant service instance. getallmanagedinstancesurl | x | REST endpoint used for getting the details about all instances (for all tenants). deletemanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for deletion of a service instance.
Note: A
managed service binding contains all the mandatory properties mentioned above.

Service Manager parameters

Property | Mandatory | Details -------- | --------- | ------- sm
url | x | URL of Service Manager. url | x | URL of UAA server from which to fetch tokens which will be send to Service Manager. clientid | x | Used when retrieving a token. clientsecret (not required for mTLS) | x | Used when retrieving a token. certificate (only for mTLS) | x | Used when retrieving a token. certurl (only for mTLS) | x | Used when retrieving a token. service | | Defaults to 'hana'. Name of the service of which to manage instances. plan | | Defaults to 'hdi-shared'. Name of a plan from the selected service of which to manage instances.
Note: A service-manager binding contains all the mandatory properties mentioned above. For non-mTLS authentication clientsecret is required, where certificate and certurl are required for mTLS authentication.

Migration Manager parameters

The following properties are provided in the credentials of the Migration Manager service binding.
Property | Mandatory | Details ---------| --------- | ------- | imOpts | user | x | User for authentication. password | x | Password for the user. postmanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for creating a new service instance for a tenant. getmanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for getting the details about a specific tenant service instance. getallmanagedinstancesurl | x | REST endpoint used for getting the details about all instances (for all tenants). migratemanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for getting the details about all instances (for a specific tenant). deletemanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for deletion of a service instance. | smOpts | smurl | x | URL of Service Manager. url | x | URL of UAA server from which to fetch tokens which will be send to Service Manager. clientid | x | Used when retrieving a token. clientsecret | x | Used when retrieving a token. service | | Defaults to 'hana'. Name of the service of which to manage instances. plan | | Defaults to 'hdi-shared'. Name of a plan from the selected service of which to manage instances.
Note: A
migration-manager binding contains all the mandatory properties mentioned above.

Migration Manager parameters

The following properties are provided in the credentials of the Migration Manager service binding.
Property | Mandatory | Details ---------| --------- | ------- | imOpts | user | x | User for authentication. password | x | Password for the user. post
managedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for creating a new service instance for a tenant. getmanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for getting the details about a specific tenant service instance. getallmanagedinstancesurl | x | REST endpoint used for getting the details about all instances (for all tenants). migratemanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for getting the details about all instances (for a specific tenant). deletemanagedinstanceurl | x | REST endpoint used for deletion of a service instance. | smOpts | smurl | x | URL of Service Manager. url | x | URL of UAA server from which to fetch tokens which will be send to Service Manager. clientid | x | Used when retrieving a token. clientsecret | x | Used when retrieving a token. service | | Defaults to 'hana'. Name of the service of which to manage instances. plan | | Defaults to 'hdi-shared'. Name of a plan from the selected service of which to manage instances.
Note: A migration-manager binding contains all the mandatory properties mentioned above.

Optional parameters

The create and delete operations are executed asynchronously on server side. To provide an easier interface, this library also implements polling until an operation is finished. Developers can tune polling via some optional properties.
Since operations involve network activity (thus, can be considered relatively slow) the package also caches the created instances. Cache options can also be provided by developers.
Property | Details -------- | ------- pollingintervalmillis | Defaults to 300. States how many milliseconds to wait between requests in the polling phase. pollingtimeoutseconds | Defaults to 120. Sets a limit for time (in seconds) that can be spent in polling. cachemaxitems | Defaults to 500. States the capacity of the cache. cacheitemexpireseconds | Defaults to 600 (10 minutes). Number of seconds after which a cache entry expires.
Note: It is recommended to have a single instance manager JavaScript object per
managed service bound to the application. An exception is Migration Manager due to its specific setup, instances for both instance and service manager gets created.
Note: Due to details in regard to consuming
Service Manager (more communication with the service is required), applications currently using Instance Manager may need to increase the value of the pollingtimeoutseconds setting.

Methods

  • create(tenant, optionalParameters, callback) - creates a service instance for the provided tenant.
The method polls until the instance is successfully created and then invokes the callback. Reports an error having a statusCode property with value of 409 if an instance for this tenant already exists. - tenant | String | Tenant name. - optionalParameters | Object | (optional) JSON object with parameters for provisioning or binding, as would be done with the -c options of the CLI commands create-service and bind-service for unmanaged services. E.g. ```json {
"provisioning_parameters": { "database_id" : "<HANA Tenant DB Guid or Name>" },
"binding_parameters": {"<key>" : "<value>"}
} ``` - callback | function(err, instance) | Callback function with the newly created instance as second argument.
Note: With
Service Manager and Migration Manager the properties provided on the managed instance are a subset (label, plan, tags, credentials, tenant_id and status) of the properties provided on it when using Instance Manager.
  • get(tenant, bindingParams, callback) - gets the corresponding instance for the provided tenant either from cache or from server. Includes a binding creation fallback if instance has no bindings.
Value of null means that a service instance for this tenant does not exist. - tenant | String | Tenant name. - optionalParameters | Object | Optional. JSON object with parameters for provisioning or binding, as would be done with the -c options of the CLI commands. Used during binding creation fallback. - callback | function(err, instance) | Callback function with the instance as second argument.
Note: In
Instance Manager case this method only polls if the instance is in status CREATION_IN_PROGRESS. In all other cases it returns the service instance as it is on server. Thus, having the credentials property on the instance object in the callback is not guaranteed. In Service Manager case if the managed instance is not ready to be used, the method returns an error. In Migration Manager case it will try to get an instance from Service Manager if nothing found it will then search in Instance Manager and it will return result considered by Instance Manager.
  • getAll(optionalParameters, callback) - gets the instances for all tenants as an array of objects. This method updates the cache. Includes binding creation fallback for each instance without binding. If binding creation fails it will log an error message and continue processing.
- optionalParameters | Object | Optional. JSON object with parameters for provisioning or binding, as would be done with the -c options of the CLI commands. Used during binding creation fallback. - callback | function(err, instances) | Callback function with all instances as second argument.
Note: In
Instance Manager case filtering of the instances according to their status (e.g. CREATION_SUCCEEDED, CREATION_IN_PROGRESS) does not take place. Thus, having the credentials property on each of the instances provided in the callback is not guaranteed. In Service Manager case only ready to be used managed instances are returned. In Migration Manager case it will get instances from both Service Manager and Instance Manager and will return an array of managed instances. If no instaces found and error would be thrown.
  • delete(tenant, callback) - deletes service instance for the provided tenant.
The method polls until the instance is successfully deleted and then invokes the callback. Reports an error having a statusCode property with value of 404 if an instance for this tenant does not exist. - tenant | String | Tenant name. - callback | function(err) | Callback function called when the instance is deleted or an error has occurred.
When the callback of a method is invoked with an error which is caused by an unexpected HTTP response code received from the server, then this error object will have a statusCode property with the value of the HTTP status code.
Note: In Migration Manager case it will try to delete service instance for the provided tenant first in
Instance Manager then it will continue with Service Manager. In case nothing's found an error would be thrown, all other cases it would delete service instances.

Debug logs

One can enable debug logs of this package via adding
instance-manager to the DEBUG environment variable.

Binding Labels

Note: The @sap/instance-manager will only retrieve bindings that have all three of the below bindings. These labels are automatically assigned and added when creating bindings via this library.
Label Name | Value -------- | --------- tenantid | The tenant for which the binding is created. serviceplanid | The ID of the 'hdi-shared' plan of the 'hana' service offering (by default). managingclientlib | 'instance-manager-client-lib' - this value is used as an additional filter to distinguish instances created and used by this library, and those created by other means and used for other purposes.