@testing-library/jest-native

Custom jest matchers to test the state of React Native

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Table of Contents

- toBeDisabled - toBeEnabled - toBeEmptyElement - toContainElement - toHaveProp - toHaveTextContent - toHaveStyle - toBeVisible - toHaveAccessibilityState

The problem

You want to use jest to write tests that assert various things about the state of a React Native app. As part of that goal, you want to avoid all the repetitive patterns that arise in doing so like checking for a native element's props, its text content, its styles, and more.

This solution

The jest-native library provides a set of custom jest matchers that you can use to extend jest. These will make your tests more declarative, clear to read and to maintain.

Compatibility

These matchers should, for the most part, be agnostic enough to work with any React Native testing utilities, but they are primarily intended to be used with RNTL. Any issues raised with existing matchers or any newly proposed matchers must be viewed through compatibility with that library and its guiding principles first.

Installation

This module should be installed as one of your project's devDependencies:
npm install --save-dev @testing-library/jest-native

You will need react-test-renderer, react, and react-native installed in order to use this package.

Usage

Import @testing-library/jest-native/extend-expect once (for instance in your tests setup file) and you're good to go:
import '@testing-library/jest-native/extend-expect';

Alternatively, you can selectively import only the matchers you intend to use, and extend jest's expect yourself:
import { toBeEmptyElement, toHaveTextContent } from '@testing-library/jest-native';

expect.extend({ toBeEmptyElement, toHaveTextContent });

Matchers

jest-native has only been tested to work with RNTL. Keep in mind that these queries will only work on UI elements that bridge to native.

toBeDisabled

toBeDisabled();

Check whether or not an element is disabled from a user perspective.
This matcher will check if the element or its parent has a disabled prop, or if it has `accessibilityState={{disabled: true}}.
It also works with accessibilityStates={['disabled']} for now. However, this prop is deprecated in React Native 0.62

Examples

const { getByTestId } = render(
  <View>
    <Button disabled testID="button" title="submit" onPress={(e) => e} />
    <TextInput accessibilityState={{ disabled: true }} testID="input" value="text" />
  </View>,
);

expect(getByTestId('button')).toBeDisabled();
expect(getByTestId('input')).toBeDisabled();

toBeEnabled

toBeEnabled();

Check whether or not an element is enabled from a user perspective.
Works similarly to expect().not.toBeDisabled().

Examples

const { getByTestId } = render(
  <View>
    <Button testID="button" title="submit" onPress={(e) => e} />
    <TextInput testID="input" value="text" />
  </View>,
);

expect(getByTestId('button')).toBeEnabled();
expect(getByTestId('input')).toBeEnabled();

toBeEmptyElement

toBeEmptyElement();

Check that the given element has no content.

Examples

const { getByTestId } = render(<View testID="empty" />);

expect(getByTestId('empty')).toBeEmptyElement();

NOTE
toBeEmptyElement() matcher has been renamed from toBeEmpty() because of the naming conflict with Jest Extended export with the same name.

toContainElement

toContainElement(element: ReactTestInstance | null);

Check if an element contains another element as a descendant. Again, will only work for native elements.

Examples

const { queryByTestId } = render(
  <View testID="grandparent">
    <View testID="parent">
      <View testID="child" />
    </View>
    <Text testID="text-element" />
  </View>,
);

const grandparent = queryByTestId('grandparent');
const parent = queryByTestId('parent');
const child = queryByTestId('child');
const textElement = queryByTestId('text-element');

expect(grandparent).toContainElement(parent);
expect(grandparent).toContainElement(child);
expect(grandparent).toContainElement(textElement);
expect(parent).toContainElement(child);
expect(parent).not.toContainElement(grandparent);

toHaveProp

toHaveProp(prop: string, value?: any);

Check that the element has a given prop.
You can optionally check that the attribute has a specific expected value.

Examples

const { queryByTestId } = render(
  <View>
    <Text allowFontScaling={false} testID="text">
      text
    </Text>
    <Button disabled testID="button" title="ok" />
  </View>,
);

expect(queryByTestId('button')).toHaveProp('accessibilityStates', ['disabled']);
expect(queryByTestId('button')).toHaveProp('accessible');
expect(queryByTestId('button')).not.toHaveProp('disabled');
expect(queryByTestId('button')).not.toHaveProp('title', 'ok');

toHaveTextContent

toHaveTextContent(text: string | RegExp, options?: { normalizeWhitespace: boolean });

Check if an element or its children have the supplied text.
This will perform a partial, case-sensitive match when a string match is provided. To perform a case-insensitive match, you can use a RegExp with the /i modifier.
To enforce matching the complete text content, pass a RegExp.

Examples

const { queryByTestId } = render(<Text testID="count-value">2</Text>);

expect(queryByTestId('count-value')).toHaveTextContent('2');
expect(queryByTestId('count-value')).toHaveTextContent(2);
expect(queryByTestId('count-value')).toHaveTextContent(/2/);
expect(queryByTestId('count-value')).not.toHaveTextContent('21');

toHaveStyle

toHaveStyle(style: object[] | object);

Check if an element has the supplied styles.
You can pass either an object of React Native style properties, or an array of objects with style properties. You cannot pass properties from a React Native stylesheet.

Examples

const styles = StyleSheet.create({ text: { fontSize: 16 } });

const { queryByText } = render(
  <Text
    style={[
      { color: 'black', fontWeight: '600', transform: [{ scale: 2 }, { rotate: '45deg' }] },
      styles.text,
    ]}
  >
    Hello World
  </Text>,
);

expect(getByText('Hello World')).toHaveStyle({ color: 'black' });
expect(getByText('Hello World')).toHaveStyle({ fontWeight: '600' });
expect(getByText('Hello World')).toHaveStyle({ fontSize: 16 });
expect(getByText('Hello World')).toHaveStyle([{ fontWeight: '600' }, { color: 'black' }]);
expect(getByText('Hello World')).toHaveStyle({ color: 'black', fontWeight: '600', fontSize: 16 });
expect(getByText('Hello World')).toHaveStyle({ transform: [{ scale: 2 }, { rotate: '45deg' }] });
expect(getByText('Hello World')).not.toHaveStyle({ color: 'white' });
expect(getByText('Hello World')).not.toHaveStyle({ transform: [{ scale: 2 }] });
expect(getByText('Hello World')).not.toHaveStyle({
  transform: [{ rotate: '45deg' }, { scale: 2 }],
});

toBeVisible

toBeVisible();

Check that the given element is visible to the user.
An element is visible if all the following conditions are met:
  • it does not have its style property display set to none.
  • it does not have its style property opacity set to 0.
  • it is not a Modal component or it does not have the prop visible set to false.
  • it is not hidden from accessibility as checked by
isHiddenFromAccessibility function from React Native Testing Library
  • its ancestor elements are also visible.

Examples

const { getByTestId } = render(<View testID="empty-view" />);

expect(getByTestId('empty-view')).toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(<View testID="view-with-opacity" style={{ opacity: 0.2 }} />);

expect(getByTestId('view-with-opacity')).toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(<Modal testID="empty-modal" />);

expect(getByTestId('empty-modal')).toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(
  <Modal>
    <View>
      <View testID="view-within-modal" />
    </View>
  </Modal>,
);

expect(getByTestId('view-within-modal')).toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(<View testID="invisible-view" style={{ opacity: 0 }} />);

expect(getByTestId('invisible-view')).not.toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(<View testID="display-none-view" style={{ display: 'none' }} />);

expect(getByTestId('display-none-view')).not.toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(
  <View style={{ opacity: 0 }}>
    <View>
      <View testID="view-within-invisible-view" />
    </View>
  </View>,
);

expect(getByTestId('view-within-invisible-view')).not.toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(
  <View style={{ display: 'none' }}>
    <View>
      <View testID="view-within-display-none-view" />
    </View>
  </View>,
);

expect(getByTestId('view-within-display-none-view')).not.toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(
  <Modal visible={false}>
    <View>
      <View testID="view-within-not-visible-modal" />
    </View>
  </Modal>,
);

// Children elements of not visible modals are not rendered.
expect(queryByTestId('view-within-modal')).toBeNull();

const { getByTestId } = render(<Modal testID="not-visible-modal" visible={false} />);

expect(getByTestId('not-visible-modal')).not.toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(<View testID="test" accessibilityElementsHidden />);

expect(getByTestId('test')).not.toBeVisible();

const { getByTestId } = render(
  <View testID="test" importantForAccessibility="no-hide-descendants" />,
);

expect(getByTestId('test')).not.toBeVisible();

toHaveAccessibilityState

toHaveAccessibilityState(state: {
  disabled?: boolean;
  selected?: boolean;
  checked?: boolean | 'mixed';
  busy?: boolean;
  expanded?: boolean;
});

Check that the element has given accessibility state entries.
This check is based on accessibilityState prop but also takes into account the default entries which have been found by experimenting with accessibility inspector and screen readers on both iOS and Android.
Some state entries behave as if explicit false value is the same as not having given state entry, so their default value is false:
  • disabled
  • selected
  • busy

The remaining state entries behave as if explicit false value is different than not having given state entry, so their default value is undefined:
  • checked
  • expanded

This matcher is compatible with *ByRole and *ByA11State queries from React Native Testing Library.

Examples

render(<View testID="view" accessibilityState={{ expanded: true, checked: true }} />);

// Single value match
expect(screen.getByTestId('view')).toHaveAccessibilityState({ expanded: true });
expect(screen.getByTestId('view')).toHaveAccessibilityState({ checked: true });

// Can match multiple entries
expect(screen.getByTestId('view')).toHaveAccessibilityState({ expanded: true, checked: true });

Default values handling:
render(<View testID="view" />);

// Matching states where default value is `false`
expect(screen.getByTestId('view')).toHaveAccessibilityState({ disabled: false });
expect(screen.getByTestId('view')).toHaveAccessibilityState({ selected: false });
expect(screen.getByTestId('view')).toHaveAccessibilityState({ busy: false });

// Matching states where default value is `undefined`
expect(screen.getByTestId('view')).not.toHaveAccessibilityState({ checked: false });
expect(screen.getByTestId('view')).not.toHaveAccessibilityState({ expanded: false });

Inspiration

This library was made to be a companion for React Native Testing Library.
It was inspired by jest-dom, the companion library for DTL. We emulated as many of those helpers as we could while keeping in mind the guiding principles.

Other solutions

None known, you can add the first!

Contributors

Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):
<td align="center"><a href="https://github.com/bcarroll22"><img src="https://avatars2.githubusercontent.com/u/11020406?v=4" width="100px;" alt=""/><br /><sub><b>Brandon Carroll</b></sub></a><br /><a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=bcarroll22" title="Code">💻</a> <a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=bcarroll22" title="Documentation">📖</a> <a href="#infra-bcarroll22" title="Infrastructure (Hosting, Build-Tools, etc)">🚇</a> <a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=bcarroll22" title="Tests">⚠️</a></td>
<td align="center"><a href="http://santiagomartin.dev"><img src="https://avatars2.githubusercontent.com/u/7255298?v=4" width="100px;" alt=""/><br /><sub><b>Santi</b></sub></a><br /><a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=SantiMA10" title="Code">💻</a></td>
<td align="center"><a href="https://github.com/marnusw"><img src="https://avatars0.githubusercontent.com/u/971499?v=4" width="100px;" alt=""/><br /><sub><b>Marnus Weststrate</b></sub></a><br /><a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=marnusw" title="Code">💻</a></td>
<td align="center"><a href="https://github.com/Shywim"><img src="https://avatars3.githubusercontent.com/u/1584563?v=4" width="100px;" alt=""/><br /><sub><b>Matthieu Harlé</b></sub></a><br /><a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=Shywim" title="Code">💻</a></td>
<td align="center"><a href="https://github.com/acatalina"><img src="https://avatars3.githubusercontent.com/u/23233812?v=4" width="100px;" alt=""/><br /><sub><b>Alvaro Catalina</b></sub></a><br /><a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=acatalina" title="Code">💻</a></td>
<td align="center"><a href="http://www.ilkeryilmaz.com"><img src="https://avatars1.githubusercontent.com/u/1588236?v=4" width="100px;" alt=""/><br /><sub><b>ilker Yılmaz</b></sub></a><br /><a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=ilkeryilmaz" title="Documentation">📖</a></td>
<td align="center"><a href="https://github.com/donovanhiland"><img src="https://avatars2.githubusercontent.com/u/17991396?v=4" width="100px;" alt=""/><br /><sub><b>Donovan Hiland</b></sub></a><br /><a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=donovanhiland" title="Code">💻</a> <a href="https://github.com/testing-library/jest-native/commits?author=donovanhiland" title="Tests">⚠️</a></td>



This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!