bleno

A Node.js module for implementing BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) peripherals

  • bleno

Downloads in past

Stats

StarsIssuesVersionUpdatedCreatedSize
bleno
0.5.06 years ago11 years agoMinified + gzip package size for bleno in KB

Readme

bleno
Gitter
A Node.js module for implementing BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) peripherals.
Need a BLE central module? See noble.
Note: macOS / Mac OS X, Linux, FreeBSD and Windows are currently the only supported OSes.

Prerequisites

OS X

install Xcode 10.9 or later

Linux

Kernel version 3.6 or above ``libbluetooth-dev` * `bluetoothd` disabled, if BlueZ 5.14 or later is installed. Use `sudo hciconfig hci0 up` to power Bluetooth adapter up after stopping or disabling `bluetoothd``.
* ```System V```:
  * ```sudo service bluetooth stop``` (once)
  * ```sudo update-rc.d bluetooth remove``` (persist on reboot)
* ```systemd```
  * ```sudo systemctl stop bluetooth``` (once)
  * ```sudo systemctl disable bluetooth``` (persist on reboot)
If you're using noble
and bleno at the same time, connected BLE devices may not be able to retrieve a list of services from the BLE adaptor. Check out noble's documentation on bleno compatibility

Ubuntu/Debian/Raspbian

sudo apt-get install bluetooth bluez libbluetooth-dev libudev-dev

Make sure ``node`` is on your path, if it's not, some options: symlink ``nodejs` to `node`: `sudo ln -s /usr/bin/nodejs /usr/bin/node`` install Node.js using the NodeSource package

Fedora / Other-RPM based

sudo yum install bluez bluez-libs bluez-libs-devel

Intel Edison

See Configure Intel Edison for Bluetooth LE (Smart) Development

FreeBSD

Make sure you have GNU Make:
sudo pkg install gmake

Disable automatic loading of the default Bluetooth stack by putting no-ubt.conf into ``/usr/local/etc/devd/no-ubt.conf` and restarting devd (`sudo service devd restart``).
Unload ``ng_ubt`` kernel module if already loaded:
sudo kldunload ng_ubt

Make sure you have read and write permissions on the ``/dev/usb/*`` device that corresponds to your Bluetooth adapter.

Windows

node-gyp requirements for Windows
* Python 2.7
* Visual Studio ([Express](https://www.visualstudio.com/en-us/products/visual-studio-express-vs.aspx))
node-bluetooth-hci-socket prerequisites
* Compatible Bluetooth 4.0 USB adapter
* [WinUSB](https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-ca/library/windows/hardware/ff540196(v=vs.85).aspx) driver setup for Bluetooth 4.0 USB adapter, using [Zadig tool](http://zadig.akeo.ie/)

Install

npm install bleno

Usage

var bleno = require('bleno');

See examples folder for code examples.

Actions

Advertising

Start advertising
NOTE: ``bleno.state` must be `poweredOn` before advertising is started. `bleno.on('stateChange', callback(state));`` can be used register for state change events.
var name = 'name';
var serviceUuids = ['fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff0']

bleno.startAdvertising(name, serviceUuids[, callback(error)]);

Note:: there are limits on the name and service UUID's
name
* maximum 26 bytes
service UUID's
* 1 128-bit service UUID
* 1 128-bit service UUID + 2 16-bit service UUID's
* 7 16-bit service UUID
Start advertising iBeacon
var uuid = 'e2c56db5dffb48d2b060d0f5a71096e0';
var major = 0; // 0x0000 - 0xffff
var minor = 0; // 0x0000 - 0xffff
var measuredPower = -59; // -128 - 127

bleno.startAdvertisingIBeacon(uuid, major, minor, measuredPower[, callback(error)]);

Notes:: OS X:
* in iBeacon mode your peripheral is non-connectable!
Start advertising with EIR data (Linux only)
var scanData = new Buffer(...); // maximum 31 bytes
var advertisementData = new Buffer(...); // maximum 31 bytes

bleno.startAdvertisingWithEIRData(advertisementData[, scanData, callback(error)]);

For EIR format section Bluetooth Core Specification sections and 8 and 18 for more information the data format.
Stop advertising
bleno.stopAdvertising([callback]);

Set services

Set the primary services available on the peripheral.
var services = [
   ... // see PrimaryService for data type
];

bleno.setServices(services[, callback(error)]);

Disconnect client

bleno.disconnect(); // Linux only

Update RSSI

bleno.updateRssi([callback(error, rssi)]); // not available in OS X 10.9

Primary Service

var PrimaryService = bleno.PrimaryService;

var primaryService = new PrimaryService({
    uuid: 'fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff0', // or 'fff0' for 16-bit
    characteristics: [
        // see Characteristic for data type
    ]
});

Characteristic

var Characteristic = bleno.Characteristic;

var characteristic = new Characteristic({
    uuid: 'fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff1', // or 'fff1' for 16-bit
    properties: [ ... ], // can be a combination of 'read', 'write', 'writeWithoutResponse', 'notify', 'indicate'
    secure: [ ... ], // enable security for properties, can be a combination of 'read', 'write', 'writeWithoutResponse', 'notify', 'indicate'
    value: null, // optional static value, must be of type Buffer - for read only characteristics
    descriptors: [
        // see Descriptor for data type
    ],
    onReadRequest: null, // optional read request handler, function(offset, callback) { ... }
    onWriteRequest: null, // optional write request handler, function(data, offset, withoutResponse, callback) { ...}
    onSubscribe: null, // optional notify/indicate subscribe handler, function(maxValueSize, updateValueCallback) { ...}
    onUnsubscribe: null, // optional notify/indicate unsubscribe handler, function() { ...}
    onNotify: null, // optional notify sent handler, function() { ...}
    onIndicate: null // optional indicate confirmation received handler, function() { ...}
});

Result codes

Characteristic.RESULTSUCCESS Characteristic.RESULTINVALIDOFFSET Characteristic.RESULTINVALIDATTRIBUTELENGTH Characteristic.RESULTUNLIKELYERROR

Read requests

Can specify read request handler via constructor options or by extending Characteristic and overriding onReadRequest.
Parameters to handler are ``offset`` (0x0000 - 0xffff) ``callback``
``callback` must be called with result and data (of type `Buffer``) - can be async.
var result = Characteristic.RESULT_SUCCESS;
var data = new Buffer( ... );

callback(result, data);

Write requests

Can specify write request handler via constructor options or by extending Characteristic and overriding onWriteRequest.
Parameters to handler are ``data`` (Buffer) ``offset`` (0x0000 - 0xffff) ``withoutResponse`` (true | false) ``callback``.
``callback`` must be called with result code - can be async.
var result = Characteristic.RESULT_SUCCESS;

callback(result);

Notify subscribe

Can specify notify subscribe handler via constructor options or by extending Characteristic and overriding onSubscribe.
Parameters to handler are ``maxValueSize`` (maximum data size) ``updateValueCallback`` (callback to call when value has changed)

Notify unsubscribe

Can specify notify unsubscribe handler via constructor options or by extending Characteristic and overriding onUnsubscribe.

Notify value changes

Call the ``updateValueCallback` callback (see Notify subscribe), with an argument of type `Buffer``
Can specify notify sent handler via constructor options or by extending Characteristic and overriding onNotify.

Descriptor

var Descriptor = bleno.Descriptor;

var descriptor = new Descriptor({
    uuid: '2901',
    value: 'value' // static value, must be of type Buffer or string if set
});

Events

Adapter state change

state = <"unknown" | "resetting" | "unsupported" | "unauthorized" | "poweredOff" | "poweredOn">

bleno.on('stateChange', callback(state));

Advertisement started

bleno.on('advertisingStart', callback(error));

bleno.on('advertisingStartError', callback(error));

Advertisement stopped

bleno.on('advertisingStop', callback);

Services set

bleno.on('servicesSet', callback(error));

bleno.on('servicesSetError', callback(error));

Accept

bleno.on('accept', callback(clientAddress)); // not available on OS X 10.9

Disconnect

bleno.on('disconnect', callback(clientAddress)); // Linux only

RSSI Update

bleno.on('rssiUpdate', callback(rssi)); // not available on OS X 10.9

Running on Linux

Note: Make sure you've also checked the Linux Prerequisites

Running without root/sudo

Run the following command:
sudo setcap cap_net_raw+eip $(eval readlink -f `which node`)

This grants the ``node` binary `cap_net_raw`` privileges, so it can start/stop BLE advertising.
Note: The above command requires ``setcap`` to be installed, it can be installed using the following:
apt: ``sudo apt-get install libcap2-bin` * yum: `su -c \'yum install libcap2-bin\'``

Multiple Adapters

``hci0` is used by default to override set the `BLENO_HCI_DEVICE_ID`` environment variable to the interface number.
Example, specify ``hci1``:
sudo BLENO_HCI_DEVICE_ID=1 node <your file>.js

Set custom device name

By default bleno uses the hostname (``require('os').hostname()``) as the value for the device name (0x2a00) characterisic, to match the behaviour of OS X.
A custom device name can be specified by setting the ``BLENO_DEVICE_NAME`` environment variable:
sudo BLENO_DEVICE_NAME="custom device name" node <your file>.js

or
process.env['BLENO_DEVICE_NAME'] = 'custom device name';

Set Advertising Interval

bleno uses a 100 ms advertising interval by default.
A custom advertising interval can be specified by setting the ``BLENO_ADVERTISING_INTERVAL`` enviroment variable with the desired value in milliseconds:
sudo BLENO_ADVERTISING_INTERVAL=500 node <your file>.js

Advertising intervals must be between 20 ms to 10 s (10,000 ms).

Useful tools/links

Tools
* LightBlue for [iOS](https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/lightblue/id557428110)/[OS X](https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/lightblue/id639944780)
* [nRF Master Control Panel (BLE)](https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=no.nordicsemi.android.mcp&hl=en) for Android
* [hcitool](http://linux.die.net/man/1/hcitool) and ```gatttool``` by [BlueZ](http://www.bluez.org) for Linux

License

Copyright (C) 2015 Sandeep Mistry
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
Analytics