busywait

Async busy wait

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busywait.js
Simple Async busy wait module for Node.JS

Main features

  • Simple api to busy wait for a desired outcome
  • Exponential backoff (with optional full jitter) support
  • Slim library (single file, 100 lines of code, no dependencies)
  • Full typescript support

Quick example

import {busywait} from 'busywait';

const waitUntil = Date.now() + 2500;

const checkFn = async (iteration: number, delay: number, totalDelay: number): Promise<string> => {
    console.log(`Running iteration ${iteration} after delay of ${delay}ms and total delay of ${totalDelay}`);
    if (Date.now() > waitUntil) {
        return `success`;
    }
    throw new Error('custom error');
};

(async () => {
    const result = await busywait(checkFn, {
        sleepTime: 500,
        maxChecks: 20,
    })
    console.log(`Finished after ${result.backoff.time}ms (${result.backoff.iterations} iterations) with result ${result.result}`);
})();

Will result in:
Running iteration 1 after delay of 0ms and total delay of 1
Running iteration 2 after delay of 500ms and total delay of 504
Running iteration 3 after delay of 500ms and total delay of 1007
Running iteration 4 after delay of 500ms and total delay of 1508
Running iteration 5 after delay of 500ms and total delay of 2010
Running iteration 6 after delay of 500ms and total delay of 2511
Finished after 2511ms (6 iterations) with result success

Exponential backoff

import {busywait} from 'busywait';

const waitUntil = Date.now() + 2500;

const checkFn = async (iteration: number, delay: number, totalDelay: number): Promise<string> => {
    console.log(`Running iteration ${iteration} after delay of ${delay}ms and total delay of ${totalDelay}`);
    if (Date.now() > waitUntil) {
        return `success`;
    }
    throw new Error('custom error');
};

(async () => {
    const result = await busywait(checkFn, {
        sleepTime: 100,
        jitter: 'none',
        multiplier: 2,
    })
    console.log(`Finished after ${result.backoff.time}ms (${result.backoff.iterations} iterations) with result ${result.result}`);
})();

Will result in:
Running iteration 1 after delay of 0ms and total delay of 1
Running iteration 2 after delay of 100ms and total delay of 104
Running iteration 3 after delay of 200ms and total delay of 306
Running iteration 4 after delay of 400ms and total delay of 707
Running iteration 5 after delay of 800ms and total delay of 1509
Running iteration 6 after delay of 1600ms and total delay of 3110
Finished after 3110ms (6 iterations) with result success

Exponential backoff with full jitter

import {busywait} from 'busywait';

const waitUntil = Date.now() + 2500;

const checkFn = async (iteration: number, delay: number, totalDelay: number): Promise<string> => {
    console.log(`Running iteration ${iteration} after delay of ${delay}ms and total delay of ${totalDelay}`);
    if (Date.now() > waitUntil) {
        return `success`;
    }
    throw new Error('custom error');
};

(async () => {
    const result = await busywait(checkFn, {
        sleepTime: 100,
        jitter: 'full',
        multiplier: 2,
        waitFirst: true,
    })
    console.log(`Finished after ${result.backoff.time}ms (${result.backoff.iterations} iterations) with result ${result.result}`);
})();

Will result in:
Running iteration 1 after delay of 31ms and total delay of 31
Running iteration 2 after delay of 165ms and total delay of 199
Running iteration 3 after delay of 217ms and total delay of 417
Running iteration 4 after delay of 378ms and total delay of 796
Running iteration 5 after delay of 1397ms and total delay of 2195
Running iteration 6 after delay of 1656ms and total delay of 3853
Finished after 3853ms (6 iterations) with result success

Install

npm install busywait

Parameters

checkFn

A function that takes a single optional argument, which is the current iteration number.
Args
  • iteration - The current iteration number (starting from 1)
  • delay - The last delay (in ms) that was applied
  • totalDelay - The total delay (in ms) applied so far
Return
Either:
  • a non promised value (in which case, a failed check should throw an error)
  • a promised value (in which case, a failed check should return a rejected promise)

options

mandatory
  • sleepTime - Time in ms to wait between checks. In the exponential mode, will be the base sleep time.
optional
  • multiplier - The exponential multiplier. Set to 2 or higher to achieve exponential backoff (default: 1 - i.e. linear
backoff)
  • maxDelay - The max delay value between checks in ms (default: infinity)
  • maxChecks - The max number of checks to perform before failing (default: infinity)
  • waitFirst - Should we wait the sleepTime before performing the first check (default: false)
  • jitter - ('none' | 'full') The jitter
mode to use (default: none)
  • failMsg - Custom error message to reject the promise with

Return value

Return value is a promise.
  • The promise will be resolved if the checkFn was resolved within a legal number of checks.
  • The promise will be rejected if the checkFn rejected (or threw an error) maxChecks times.

Promise resolved value:
  • backoff.iterations - The number of iterations it took to finish
  • backoff.time - The number of time it took to finish
  • result - The resolved value of checkFn

Contributing

All contributions are happily welcomed!
Please make all pull requests to the master branch from your fork and ensure tests pass locally.