CSS Aspect RatioThis package provides a simple implementation of fixed aspect ratio in pure CSS. It requires support for CSS Custom Properties.
Modular implementation approach adapted from https://sgom.es/posts/2017-02-17-css-custom-properties-as-your-api/
CSS-only aspect ratio trick adapted from https://alistapart.com/article/creating-intrinsic-ratios-for-video
Rationale / backgroundA common problem is how to avoid content shifting down as images load. This is usually solved by adding the height and width of an image in HTML, so that the browser can allocate enough space for the content ahead of time.
<img src="kitten.jpg" height="1024" width="768" alt="A cute kitten">
However, if you want to adjust the dimensions for the image in CSS (say, by applying a
max-widthto the image), you lose the ability to maintain the aspect ratio. Instead, the width and height get applied separately, and the image gets deformed.
This package allows you to specify the width and have the height calculated automatically, ensuring that the aspect ratio is maintained even if the image is resized.
It's also generic enough to be applied to any block, not just images.
npm i --save-dev css-aspect-ratio
SassIn Sass, first make sure
node_modulesis in your
LessIn Less, install
@import (inline) "npm://css-aspect-ratio/css-aspect-ratio.css";
Plain CSSIn plain CSS, make sure you use a bundler or build tool to copy dependencies. To import:
You can also use unpkg as a CDN:
<div class="aspect-ratio" style="width: 768px; --aspect-ratio-w: 4; --aspect-ratio-h: 3;"> <img src="kitten.jpg" alt="A cute kitten"> </div>
aspect-ratiotakes two custom properties:
--aspect-ratio-wdefines the width portion of the aspect ratio, e.g. 16 in 16:9.
--aspect-ratio-hdefines the height portion of the aspect ratio, e.g. 9 in 16:9.