fastbitset

Speed-optimized BitSet implementation for modern browsers and JavaScript engines

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FastBitSet.js : a speed-optimized BitSet implementation
Build Status
A BitSet (also called Bitmap or bit vector) is an ideal data structure to implement a set when values being stored are reasonably small integers. It can be orders of magnitude faster than a generic set implementation. In particular, a BitSet has fast support for set operations (union, difference, intersection).
The FastBitSet.js implementation optimizes for speed. It can be several times faster than competitive alternatives. It is also entirely dynamic, and has functions to minimize the memory usage. It should be supported by most of the modern browsers and JavaScript engines. It is ideal for maintaining sets of integers when performance matters.
Note that the nearly equivalent TypedFastBitSet library should use less memory in practice and should be prefered is memory usage is a concern. For high-performance and low-memory usage, consider the even better roaring library: it should surpass both FastBitSet and TypedFastBitSet for a wide range of tasks.
License: Apache License 2.0
Usage
var b = new FastBitSet();// initially empty
b.add(1);// add the value "1"
b.has(1); // check that the value is present! (will return true)
b.add(2);
console.log(""+b);// should display {1,2}
b.add(10);
b.array(); // would return [1,2,10]
var c = new FastBitSet([1,2,3,10]); // create bitset initialized with values 1,2,3,10
c.difference(b); // from c, remove elements that are in b (modifies c)
c.difference2(b) // from c, remove elements that are in b (modifies b)
c.change(b); // c will contain all elements that are in b or in c, but not both (elements that changed)
var su = c.union_size(b);// compute the size of the union (bitsets are unchanged)
c.union(b); // c will contain all elements that are in c and b
var out1 = c.new_union(b); // creates a new bitmap that contains everything in c and b
var out2 = c.new_intersection(b); // creates a new bitmap that contains everything that is in both c and b
var out3 = c.new_change(b); // creates a new bitmap that contains everything in b or in c, but not both
var s1 = c.intersection_size(b);// compute the size of the intersection (bitsets are unchanged)
var s2 = c.difference_size(b);// compute the size of the difference (bitsets are unchanged)
var s3 = c.change_size(b); // compute the number of elements that are in b but not c, or vice versa
c.intersects(b); // return true if c intersects with b
c.intersection(b); // c will only contain elements that are in both c and b
c = b.clone(); // create a (deep) copy of b and assign it to c.
c.equals(b); // checks whether c and b are equal
c.forEach(fnc); // execute fnc on each value stored in c
for (const x of c) fnc(x); // execute fnc on each value stored in c (allows early exit with break)
c.trim(); // reduce the memory usage of the bitmap if possible, the content remains the same

If you are using node.js, you need to import the module:
var FastBitSet = require("fastbitset");
var b = new FastBitSet();// initially empty
b.add(1);// add the value "1"

Performance tip: in-place functions such as intersection, union and difference can be much faster than functions generating a new bitmap (newintersection, newunion and newdifference) because they avoid creating a new object, a potentially expensive process in JavaScript. For faster code, use as few FastBitSet objects as you can.
npm install
$ npm install fastbitset
Testing
Using node.js (npm), you can test the code as follows...
$ npm install mocha
$ npm test
Is it faster?
It can be quite fast compared to competitive alternatives :
$ node test.js
Benchmarking against:
TypedFastBitSet.js: https://github.com/lemire/TypedFastBitSet.js
roaring: https://www.npmjs.com/package/roaring
infusion.BitSet.js from https://github.com/infusion/BitSet.js 5.0.0
tdegrunt.BitSet from https://github.com/tdegrunt/bitset 5.0.3
mattkrick.fast-bitset from https://github.com/mattkrick/fast-bitset 1.3.2
standard Set object from JavaScript

Not all libraries support all operations. We benchmark what is available.

Platform: linux 4.4.0-135-generic x64
Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-6700 CPU @ 3.40GHz
Node version 10.9.0, v8 version 6.8.275.24-node.14

We proceed with the logical operations generating new bitmaps:

starting union query benchmark
roaring x 4,006 ops/sec ±0.07% (103 runs sampled)
FastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 1,140 ops/sec ±16.91% (90 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 3,153 ops/sec ±0.99% (80 runs sampled)
mattkrick.fast-bitset (creates new bitset) x 2,869 ops/sec ±2.08% (87 runs sampled)
Set x 3.38 ops/sec ±0.23% (13 runs sampled)

starting intersection query benchmark
FastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 2,413 ops/sec ±1.69% (90 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 5,340 ops/sec ±0.84% (81 runs sampled)
mattkrick.fast-bitset  (creates new bitset) x 495 ops/sec ±1.09% (96 runs sampled)
roaring x 16,553 ops/sec ±9.27% (79 runs sampled)
Set x 5.03 ops/sec ±17.84% (18 runs sampled)

starting difference query benchmark
FastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 1,972 ops/sec ±2.52% (89 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 3,732 ops/sec ±1.36% (60 runs sampled)
Set x 3.71 ops/sec ±0.12% (13 runs sampled)

We benchmark the in-place logical operations:
(Notice how much faster they are.)

starting inplace union  benchmark
FastBitSet (inplace) x 4,850 ops/sec ±0.05% (104 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (inplace) x 4,489 ops/sec ±0.03% (104 runs sampled)
infusion.BitSet.js (inplace) x 68.75 ops/sec ±1.21% (73 runs sampled)
tdegrunt.BitSet (inplace) x 69.55 ops/sec ±1.29% (74 runs sampled)
roaring x 24,969 ops/sec ±0.09% (100 runs sampled)
Set (inplace) x 12.05 ops/sec ±0.12% (35 runs sampled)

starting inplace intersection  benchmark
FastBitSet (inplace) x 12,260 ops/sec ±2.71% (103 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (inplace) x 10,744 ops/sec ±0.96% (101 runs sampled)
infusion.BitSet.js (inplace) x 1,340 ops/sec ±2.06% (91 runs sampled)
tdegrunt.BitSet (inplace) x 1,358 ops/sec ±2.19% (92 runs sampled)
roaring x 41,172 ops/sec ±0.07% (104 runs sampled)
Set (inplace) x 6.88 ops/sec ±0.08% (22 runs sampled)

starting inplace difference  benchmark
FastBitSet (inplace) x 12,434 ops/sec ±0.39% (101 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (inplace) x 10,631 ops/sec ±0.24% (100 runs sampled)
infusion.BitSet.js (inplace) x 597 ops/sec ±2.15% (87 runs sampled)
tdegrunt.BitSet (inplace) x 601 ops/sec ±2.37% (88 runs sampled)
roaring x 49,582 ops/sec ±0.06% (104 runs sampled)
Set (inplace) x 6.70 ops/sec ±0.10% (21 runs sampled)

We benchmark the operations computing the set sizes:

starting cardinality benchmark
FastBitSet x 5,160 ops/sec ±0.71% (102 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet x 5,165 ops/sec ±0.70% (102 runs sampled)
infusion.BitSet.js x 5,293 ops/sec ±0.01% (104 runs sampled)
tdegrunt.BitSet x 5,295 ops/sec ±0.02% (104 runs sampled)
mattkrick.fast-bitset x 4,753 ops/sec ±0.02% (104 runs sampled)

starting union cardinality query benchmark
FastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 563 ops/sec ±1.29% (92 runs sampled)
FastBitSet (fast way) x 2,369 ops/sec ±0.01% (103 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 1,248 ops/sec ±1.68% (84 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (fast way) x 2,454 ops/sec ±0.11% (102 runs sampled)
roaring x 59,798 ops/sec ±0.08% (101 runs sampled)
mattkrick.fast-bitset (creates new bitset) x 1,232 ops/sec ±1.43% (84 runs sampled)
Set x 9.09 ops/sec ±0.16% (27 runs sampled)

starting intersection cardinality query benchmark
FastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 1,098 ops/sec ±1.61% (96 runs sampled)
FastBitSet (fast way) x 4,568 ops/sec ±0.02% (104 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 2,440 ops/sec ±1.57% (84 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (fast way) x 4,812 ops/sec ±0.61% (101 runs sampled)
roaring x 60,769 ops/sec ±0.08% (102 runs sampled)
mattkrick.fast-bitset (creates new bitset) x 400 ops/sec ±1.66% (91 runs sampled)
Set x 9.12 ops/sec ±0.09% (27 runs sampled)

starting difference cardinality query benchmark
FastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 567 ops/sec ±1.50% (93 runs sampled)
FastBitSet (fast way) x 4,287 ops/sec ±0.03% (103 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (creates new bitset) x 1,246 ops/sec ±1.59% (84 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet (fast way) x 4,581 ops/sec ±0.05% (103 runs sampled)
roaring x 60,438 ops/sec ±0.07% (101 runs sampled)
Set x 9.12 ops/sec ±0.07% (27 runs sampled)

We conclude with other benchmarks:

starting dynamic bitmap creation benchmark
FastBitSet x 268 ops/sec ±1.27% (88 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet x 328 ops/sec ±1.84% (90 runs sampled)
infusion.BitSet.js x 235 ops/sec ±1.46% (87 runs sampled)
tdegrunt.BitSet x 232 ops/sec ±1.46% (87 runs sampled)
Set x 10.05 ops/sec ±1.39% (30 runs sampled)

starting query benchmark
FastBitSet x 177,278,318 ops/sec ±0.11% (104 runs sampled)
TypedFastBitSet x 174,176,611 ops/sec ±0.16% (99 runs sampled)
infusion.BitSet.js x 167,893,143 ops/sec ±0.62% (100 runs sampled)
tdegrunt.BitSet x 181,343,910 ops/sec ±0.07% (99 runs sampled)
mattkrick.fast-bitset x 145,328,815 ops/sec ±0.16% (100 runs sampled)
Set x 76,784,958 ops/sec ±0.01% (104 runs sampled)
You might also like...
If you like this library, you might also like
  • https://github.com/lemire/TypedFastBitSet.js
  • https://github.com/lemire/FastPriorityQueue.js
  • https://github.com/lemire/StablePriorityQueue.js
  • https://github.com/lemire/FastIntegerCompression.js