Handles image references involved in markdown files during the webpack processing.

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Handles image references involved in markdown files during the webpack processing.
Highly inspired from the Webpack: A simple loader article by Michael "Z" Goddard, rewritten with some ES6 flavor, use-case documentation and unit testing.
  • the loader does not impact references to online images (eg: image path starting with http://, https:// or //)
  • the loader handles markdown image references with a title
Install the markdown-image-loader along other webpack development dependencies:
# via yarn
yarn add -D webpack file-loader markdown-image-loader

# via npm
npm i -D webpack file-loader markdown-image-loader
How it works
In the webpack process, this loader extracts image references of markdown documents with a regular expression, then converts them into image file requirements so that the file-loader can process them in your build chain.
Use cases

Web-based slideshows

This loader was originally designed to quickly setup web-based slideshows using markdown to build the content, webpack to produce the static files and webpack-dev-server to display the slideshow with live-reload, which can be interesting when editing the content while interacting with the audience.
Two full setups are given in the examples/ folder of this repository:
This example works with webpack 5 This example works with webpack 4 and an older version of Reveal.js (pull request to update this example are welcome)
Both slideshow examples share the same philosophy, adapted to the technical choices of each framework:
The folder structure of such projects is:
dist // folder containing the static files generated by the webpack build (and served by webpack-dev-server)
┣ index.html
┣ [your slideshow app name]-slideshow.js
┣ slides.css // your personal style additions
┣ fonts // folder containing the fonts required in the slides.css file, if any
┣ img // folder containing the images referenced in
┃ ┗ markdown-logo.svg, webpack-logo.svg, etc.
webpack.config.js // involves this markdown-image-loader and the file-loader
package.json // devDependencies to make the slideshow framework and webpack work together

  • src/index.html:

<!doctype html>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <!-- the title header can be dynamically set by bundled-app.js -->
    <title>My slideshow</title>
    <!-- RemarkJS expects the markdown content to be included by the webapp this way -->
    <textarea id="source" style="display: none"></textarea>
    <!-- RevealJS expects the markdown content to be included by the webapp this way -->
    <div class="reveal">
      <div class="slides">
        <!-- horizontal and vertical separators are my choices, tune them as you want -->
        <section data-markdown data-separator="^---" data-separator-vertical="^--">
          <textarea id="source" data-template></textarea>

    <!-- the bundled webapp will be injected here by the html-webpack-plugin -->

  • src/[slideshow app name]-slideshow.js:

// customize your CSS here

// loads the markdown content with the markdown-image-loader (which processes its image references)
document.getElementById('source').innerHTML = require('./')

// starts the slideshow with a specific configuration object
remark.create({ ... })
// or
Reveal.initialize({ ... })

  • src/ (each slideshow engine has its specific syntax, see the files in the examples):

# Slide 1 with a jpg reference



# Slide 2 with an inline png reference

In line ![test2](img/test2.png) image reference.

  • webpack.config.js. Loaders defined in the module.rules section are called from bottom to top: the file-loader must be called after the markdown-image-loader produces new file requirements:
const path = require('path')

module.exports = {
  entry: path.join(__dirname, 'src', '[slideshow app name]-slideshow.js'),
  output: {
    filename: 'bundled-app.js',
    path: path.join(__dirname, 'dist')
  module: {
    rules: [
        test: /\.(svg|png|jpg|gif)$/,
        use: [
            loader: 'file-loader',
            options: {} // produces {hash}.[ext] files by default
        test: /\.(md|markdown)$/,
        use: 'markdown-image-loader'

Use the file-loader options to customize the way image files must be handled (file naming, output path, url prefix, etc.).
  • package.json. Use the to produce the static files ready to be served in production, for which you must include these mandatory dependencies in your project: webpack, file-loader and markdown-image-loader. You can optionally include the webpack-dev-server to serve your slideshow with live-reload with the scripts.start command.

  "scripts": {
    "build": "rm -rf dist && webpack",
    "start": "webpack-dev-server",
    "lint": "standard"
  "devDependencies": {
    "file-loader": "...",
    "markdown-image-loader": "...",
    "webpack": "...",
    "webpack-dev-server": "..."

The outputs generated in the dist folder will be:
  • the bundled-app.js file, handling the markdown content as follows:

// ...
/* 0 */
/***/ (function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
module.exports = [
"# Slide 1 with a jpg reference\n\n",
"![test1](" + __webpack_require__(1) + ")",
"\n\n---\n\n# Slide 2 with an inline png reference\n\nIn line ",
"![test2](" + __webpack_require__(2) + ")",
" image reference.\n"
/***/ }),
/* 1 */
/***/ (function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
module.exports = __webpack_require__.p + "05bf210f71dda8913b3e9ac296da171f.jpg";
/***/ }),
/* 2 */
/***/ (function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
module.exports = __webpack_require__.p + "e3989c3353cceb13f5bb1ecf343f22a6.png";
/***/ })

  • the images referenced by the markdown content, processed by the file-loader plugin:
the dist/05bf210f71dda8913b3e9ac296da171f.jpg file (referenced in slide 1) the dist/e3989c3353cceb13f5bb1ecf343f22a6.png file (referenced in slide 2)
Unit tests
Unit tests can be run with the npm test command.
Despite these efforts, should you find an issue or spot a vital feature, you are welcome to report bugs and submit code requests!
Change log
  • 3.0.1: config loader-utils is a production depndency, not a dev dependency; upgraded version of eslint and mocha
  • 3.0.0: config dependencies update, for webpack 5.x
  • 2.0.1: config dependencies update, doc reference to the file loader options for image file customization
  • 2.0.0: config dependencies update, for webpack 3.x and 4.x. Webpack configurations for RemarkJS and RevealJS slideshows in the /examples folder have been updated for Webpack 4.x support
  • 1.0.5: feature the loader handles image references with an optional title
  • 1.0.4: doc added sample slideshows for RemarkJS and RevealJS in the /examples folder
  • 1.0.3: perf made the loader outputs cacheable, doc added this change log section
  • 1.0.2: fix removed the comma surrounding image requirements in the exported module content
  • 1.0.1: fix the loader should not not require URLed-image references
  • 1.0.0: initial release with unit-tests and documentation, for webpack 3.x

Pull-requests are welcome and will be processed on a best-effort basis.
Unless stated otherwise all works are licensed under the MIT license, a copy of which is included here.
Copyright (c) 2017-2024 Luc Sorel-Giffo