multer-s3-transform

Streaming multer storage engine for AWS S3

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Multer S3 Transform
This is a fork of Multer S3, kept up to date, with the added Transform property.

Streaming multer storage engine for AWS S3.
This project is mostly an integration piece for existing code samples from Multer's storage engine documentation with s3fs as the substitution piece for file system. Existing solutions I found required buffering the multipart uploads into the actual filesystem which is difficult to scale.

Installation

npm install --save multer-s3-transform

Usage

var aws = require('aws-sdk')
var express = require('express')
var multer = require('multer')
var multerS3 = require('multer-s3-transform')

var app = express()
var s3 = new aws.S3({ /* ... */ })

var upload = multer({
  storage: multerS3({
    s3: s3,
    bucket: 'some-bucket',
    metadata: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, {fieldName: file.fieldname});
    },
    key: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, Date.now().toString())
    }
  })
})

app.post('/upload', upload.array('photos', 3), function(req, res, next) {
  res.send('Successfully uploaded ' + req.files.length + ' files!')
})

File information

Each file contains the following information exposed by multer-s3:
Key | Description | Note --- | --- | --- size | Size of the file in bytes | bucket | The bucket used to store the file | S3Storage key | The name of the file | S3Storage acl | Access control for the file | S3Storage contentType | The mimetype used to upload the file | S3Storage metadata | The metadata object to be sent to S3 | S3Storage location | The S3 url to access the file | S3Storage etag | The etagof the uploaded file in S3 | S3Storage contentDisposition | The contentDisposition used to upload the file | S3Storage storageClass | The storageClass to be used for the uploaded file in S3 | S3Storage versionId | The versionId is an optional param returned by S3 for versioned buckets. | S3Storage

Setting ACL

ACL values can be set by passing an optional acl parameter into the multerS3 object.
var upload = multer({
  storage: multerS3({
    s3: s3,
    bucket: 'some-bucket',
    acl: 'public-read',
    key: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, Date.now().toString())
    }
  })
})

Available options for canned ACL.
ACL Option | Permissions added to ACL --- | --- private | Owner gets FULL_CONTROL. No one else has access rights (default). public-read | Owner gets FULL_CONTROL. The AllUsers group gets READ access. public-read-write | Owner gets FULL_CONTROL. The AllUsers group gets READ and WRITE access. Granting this on a bucket is generally not recommended. aws-exec-read | Owner gets FULL_CONTROL. Amazon EC2 gets READ access to GET an Amazon Machine Image (AMI) bundle from Amazon S3. authenticated-read | Owner gets FULL_CONTROL. The AuthenticatedUsers group gets READ access. bucket-owner-read | Object owner gets FULL_CONTROL. Bucket owner gets READ access. If you specify this canned ACL when creating a bucket, Amazon S3 ignores it. bucket-owner-full-control | Both the object owner and the bucket owner get FULL_CONTROL over the object. If you specify this canned ACL when creating a bucket, Amazon S3 ignores it. log-delivery-write | The LogDelivery group gets WRITE and READ_ACP permissions on the bucket. For more information on logs.

Setting Metadata

The metadata option is a callback that accepts the request and file, and returns a metadata object to be saved to S3.
Here is an example that stores all fields in the request body as metadata, and uses an id param as the key:
var opts = {
    s3: s3,
    bucket: config.originalsBucket,
    metadata: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, Object.assign({}, req.body));
    },
    key: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, req.params.id + ".jpg");
    }
  };

Setting Cache-Control header

The optional cacheControl option sets the Cache-Control HTTP header that will be sent if you're serving the files directly from S3. You can pass either a string or a function that returns a string.
Here is an example that will tell browsers and CDNs to cache the file for one year:
var upload = multer({
  storage: multerS3({
    s3: s3,
    bucket: 'some-bucket',
    cacheControl: 'max-age=31536000',
    key: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, Date.now().toString())
    }
  })
})

Setting Custom Content-Type

The optional contentType option can be used to set Content/mime type of the file. By default the content type is set to application/octet-stream. If you want multer-s3 to automatically find the content-type of the file, use the multerS3.AUTO_CONTENT_TYPE constant. Here is an example that will detect the content type of the file being uploaded.
var upload = multer({
  storage: multerS3({
    s3: s3,
    bucket: 'some-bucket',
    contentType: multerS3.AUTO_CONTENT_TYPE,
    key: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, Date.now().toString())
    }
  })
})
You may also use a function as the contentType, which should be of the form function(req, file, cb).

Setting StorageClass

storageClass values can be set by passing an optional storageClass parameter into the multerS3 object.
var upload = multer({
  storage: multerS3({
    s3: s3,
    bucket: 'some-bucket',
    acl: 'public-read',
    storageClass: 'REDUCED_REDUNDANCY',
    key: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, Date.now().toString())
    }
  })
})

Setting Content-Disposition

The optional contentDisposition option can be used to set the Content-Disposition header for the uploaded file. By default, the contentDisposition isn't forwarded. As an example below, using the value attachment forces the browser to download the uploaded file instead of trying to open it.
var upload = multer({
  storage: multerS3({
    s3: s3,
    bucket: 'some-bucket',
    acl: 'public-read',
    contentDisposition: 'attachment',
    key: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, Date.now().toString())
    }
  })
})

Using Server-Side Encryption

An overview of S3's server-side encryption can be found in the S3 Docs (http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/dev/serv-side-encryption.html); be advised that customer-managed keys (SSE-C) is not implemented at this time.
You may use the S3 server-side encryption functionality via the optional serverSideEncryption and sseKmsKeyId parameters. Full documentation of these parameters in relation to the S3 API can be found here
(http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSJavaScriptSDK/latest/AWS/S3.html#upload-property) and here (http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/dev/UsingServerSideEncryption.html).
serverSideEncryption has two valid values: 'AES256' and 'aws:kms'. 'AES256' utilizes the S3-managed key system, while 'aws:kms' utilizes the AWS KMS system and accepts the optional sseKmsKeyId parameter to specify the key ID of the key you wish to use. Leaving sseKmsKeyId blank when 'aws:kms' is specified will use the default KMS key. Note: You must instantiate the S3 instance with signatureVersion: 'v4' in order to use KMS-managed keys Docs (http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/dev/UsingAWSSDK.html#specify-signature-version), and the specified key must be in the same AWS region as the S3 bucket used.
var upload = multer({
  storage: multerS3({
    s3: s3,
    bucket: 'some-bucket',
    acl: 'authenticated-read',
    contentDisposition: 'attachment',
    serverSideEncryption: 'AES256',
    key: function(req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, Date.now().toString())
    }
  })
})

Transforming Files Before Upload

The optional shouldTransform option tells multer whether it should transform the file before it is uploaded. By default, it is set to false. If set to true, transforms option must be added, which tells how to transform the file. transforms option should be an Array, containing objects with can have properties id, key and transform.
var upload = multer({
  storage: multerS3({
    s3: s3,
    bucket: 'some-bucket',
    shouldTransform: function (req, file, cb) {
      cb(null, /^image/i.test(file.mimetype))
    },
    transforms: [{
      id: 'original',
      key: function (req, file, cb) {
        cb(null, 'image-original.jpg')
      },
      transform: function (req, file, cb) {
        cb(null, sharp().jpg())
      }
    }, {
      id: 'thumbnail',
      key: function (req, file, cb) {
        cb(null, 'image-thumbnail.jpg')
      },
      transform: function (req, file, cb) {
        cb(null, sharp().resize(100, 100).jpg())
      }
    }]
  })
})
If this option is used, each file passed to your router request will have a transforms array, with every transform you defined.
{
  "data": {
    "fieldname": "image",
    "originalname": "image.jpg",
    "encoding": "7bit",
    "mimetype": "image/jpg",
    "transforms": [
      {
        "id": "thumbnail",
        "size": 2440,
        "bucket": "some-bucket",
        "key": "image-thumbnail.jpg",
        "acl": "public-read",
        "contentType": "image/jpg",
        "metadata": null,
        "location": "https://some-bucket.s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/image-thumbnail.jpg",
        "etag": "\"9d554e03e37c79bff7ce31d375900db6\""
      },
      {
        "id": "original",
        "size": 18006,
        "bucket": "some-bucket",
        "key": "image-original.jpg",
        "acl": "public-read",
        "contentType": "image/jpg",
        "metadata": null,
        "location": "https://some-bucket.s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/image-original.jpg",
        "etag": "\"76c09df7bdd752a749f91b9663838fb2\""
      },
    ]
  }
}

Testing

The tests mock all access to S3 and can be run completely offline.
npm test