o.js is a isomorphic Odata Javascript library to simplify the request of data. The main goal is to build a standalone, lightweight and easy to understand Odata lib.

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o.js is a isomorphic Odata Javascript library to simplify the request of data. The main goal is to build a standalone, lightweight and easy to understand Odata lib.


npm install odata

Or you can use npm install o.js which will resolve the same package

Usage in browser

In a module or Typescript

import { o } from 'odata';

(async () => {
  // chaining
  const data1 = await o('http://my.url')
    .query({ $top: 3 });

  // handler
  const oHandler = o('http://my.url');
  const data2 = await oHandler
    .query({ $top: 3 });

Or in a script tag

<script src="node_modules/odata/dist/umd/o.js">

It's then placed on the window.odata:
  .query({ $top: 3 })
  .then(function (data) {});

Usage in node

const o = require('odata').o;

// promise example
  .then((data) => console.log(data));

CRUD examples

The following examples using async/await but for simplicity we removed the async deceleration. To make that work this example must be wrapped in an async function or use promise.

Create (POST):

const data = {
  FirstName: "Bar",
  LastName: "Foo",
  UserName: "foobar",

const response = await o('http://my.url')
  .post('User', data)

console.log(response); // E.g. the user 

Read (GET):

const response = await o('http://my.url')
  .query({$filter: `UserName eq 'foobar'`}); 

console.log(response); // If one -> the exact user, otherwise an array of users

Update (Patch):

const data = {
  FirstName: 'John'

const response = await o('http://my.url')
  .patch(`User('foobar')`, data)

console.log(response); // The result of the patch, e.g. the status code


const response = await o('http://my.url')

console.log(response); // The status code


You can pass as a second option into the o constructor options. The signature is:
function o(rootUrl: string | URL, config?: OdataConfig | any)

The rootUrl can be used to directly query a resource:

But mostly better is to create a handler with a `rootUrl` in the configuration. Then you are able to use the handler multiple times:

const oHandler = o('', { rootUrl: 'http://my.url' });
// requesting http://my.url/some-resource

When creating a oHandler with a configured `rootUrl` in config and as first property, the two are getting merged:

const oHandler = o('v1', { rootUrl: 'http://my.url' });
// requesting http://my.url/v1/some-resource

In a browser you can also use only a resource and the `rootUrl` tries pointing to the current browser:
const oHandler = o('v1');
// requesting http://current-url/v1/some-resource

Basic configuration is based on [RequestInit](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Request/Request) and additional [odata config](src/OdataConfig.ts). By default o.js sets the following values:
batch: {
  boundaryPrefix: "batch_",
  changsetBoundaryPrefix: "changset_",
  endpoint: "$batch",
  headers: new Headers({
    "Content-Type": "multipart/mixed",
  useChangset: false,
  useRelativeURLs: false,
credentials: "omit",
fragment: "value",
headers: new Headers({
  "Content-Type": "application/json",
mode: "cors",
redirect: "follow",
referrer: "client",
onStart: () => null,
onFinish: () => null,
onError: () => null,
## Query
> Since version 2.0.0 we support the use of [odata-query](https://www.npmjs.com/package/odata-query). You can simply add a
`buildQuery` property to any `query()` and `fetch()` request (if only used as filter):

import buildQuery from 'odata-query'

const filter = {
  not: {
      { SomeProp: 1 }, 
      { AnotherProp: 2 }

// using only filter in query() or fetch():
  .query(buildQuery({ filter }))
  .then((filteredPeople) => {});

// using more features of odata-query in get:
oHandler.get('People' + buildQuery({ filter, key: 1, top: 10 }))
  .then((filteredPeople) => {});

The following query options are supported by `query()`, `fetch()` and `batch()` by simply adding them as object:

$filter?: string;
$orderby?: string;
$expand?: string;
$select?: string;

$skip?: number;
$top?: number;
$count?: boolean;
$search?: string;
$format?: string;
$compute?: string;
$index?: number;
The $count flag will add an inline count property as metadata to a query response. In order to just retrieve the count, you'll have query the $count resource, such as

oHandler.get('People/$count').query().then((count) => {})

The queries are always attached as the URLSearchParams.

Just fetching

The lib tries to parse the data on each request. Sometimes that is not wanted (e.g. when you need a status-code or need to access odata meta data), therefor you can use the .fetch method that acts like the default fetch.


By default o.js chains request in sequent. You can batch them together by using batch(). They are then send to the defined batch endpoint in the config. Changsets are at the moment in a experimental phase and needs to be enabled in the config.


If you like polyfills to support IE11 please include the dist/umd/o.polyfill.js file. Version < 2 adds polyfills for node automatically. Version 2.0.0 and bigger only supports node 18 and higher where fetch and URL is included.