rehype plugin to add links to headings

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7.1.0a month ago7 years agoMinified + gzip package size for rehype-autolink-headings in KB


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rehype plugin to add links from headings back to themselves.


*   [`unified().use(rehypeAutolinkHeadings[, options])`](#unifieduserehypeautolinkheadings-options)
*   [`Behavior`](#behavior)
*   [`Build`](#build)
*   [`BuildProperties`](#buildproperties)
*   [`Options`](#options)
*   [Example: different behaviors](#example-different-behaviors)
*   [Example: building content with `hastscript`](#example-building-content-with-hastscript)
*   [Example: passing content from a string of HTML](#example-passing-content-from-a-string-of-html)
*   [Example: group](#example-group)

What is this?

This package is a unified
(rehype) plugin to add links from headings back to themselves. It looks for headings (so <h1> through <h6>) that have id properties, and injects a link to themselves. Similar functionality is applied by many places that render markdown. For example, when browsing this readme on GitHub or npm, an anchor is added to headings, which you can share to point people to a particular place in a document.
unified is a project that transforms content with abstract syntax trees (ASTs). rehype adds support for HTML to unified. hast is the HTML AST that rehype uses. This is a rehype plugin that adds links to headings in the AST.

When should I use this?

This plugin is useful when you have relatively long documents, where you want users to be able to link to particular sections, and you already have id properties set on all (or certain?) headings.
A different plugin, rehype-slugrehype-slug, adds ids to headings. When a heading doesn’t already have an id property, it creates a slug from it, and adds that as the id property. When using both plugins together, all headings (whether explicitly with a certain id or automatically with a generate one) will get a link back to themselves.


This package is ESM onlyesm. In Node.js (version 16+), install with npm:
npm install rehype-autolink-headings

In Deno with esm.shesmsh:
import rehypeAutolinkHeadings from ''

In browsers with esm.shesmsh:
<script type="module">
  import rehypeAutolinkHeadings from ''


Say we have the following file example.html:
<h1>Solar System</h1>
<h2>Formation and evolution</h2>
<h2>Structure and composition</h2>
<h3>Distances and scales</h3>
<h3>Interplanetary environment</h3>

…and our module example.js contains:
import {rehype} from 'rehype'
import rehypeAutolinkHeadings from 'rehype-autolink-headings'
import rehypeSlug from 'rehype-slug'
import {read} from 'to-vfile'

const file = await rehype()
  .data('settings', {fragment: true})
  .process(await read('example.html'))


…then running node example.js yields:
<h1 id="solar-system"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#solar-system"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>Solar System</h1>
<h2 id="formation-and-evolution"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#formation-and-evolution"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>Formation and evolution</h2>
<h2 id="structure-and-composition"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#structure-and-composition"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>Structure and composition</h2>
<h3 id="orbits"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#orbits"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>Orbits</h3>
<h3 id="composition"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#composition"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>Composition</h3>
<h3 id="distances-and-scales"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#distances-and-scales"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>Distances and scales</h3>
<h3 id="interplanetary-environment"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#interplanetary-environment"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>Interplanetary environment</h3>


This package exports no identifiers. The default export is rehypeAutolinkHeadingsapi-rehype-autolink-headings.

unified().use(rehypeAutolinkHeadings[, options])

Add links from headings back to themselves.
— configuration
Transform (Transformerunified-transformer).
This plugin only applies to headings with ids. Use rehype-slug to generate ids for headings that don’t have them.
Several behaviors are supported:
  • 'prepend' (default) — inject link before the heading text
  • 'append' — inject link after the heading text
  • 'wrap' — wrap the whole heading text with the link
  • 'before' — insert link before the heading
  • 'after' — insert link after the heading


Behavior (TypeScript type).
type Behavior = 'after' | 'append' | 'before' | 'prepend' | 'wrap'


Generate content (TypeScript type).
— current heading
Content (Array<Node>hast-node or Node).


Generate properties (TypeScript type).
— current heading
Properties (Propertieshast-properties).


Configuration (TypeScript type).
— how to create links
default: if `'wrap'` then `undefined`, otherwise equivalent of
`<span class="icon icon-link"></span>`)
— content to insert in the link;
if `behavior` is `'wrap'` and `Build` is passed, its result replaces the
existing content, otherwise the content is added after existing content
— content to wrap the heading and link with, if `behavior` is `'after'` or
[`Properties`][hast-properties], optional)
— extra properties to set on the heading
[`Properties`][hast-properties], default:
`{ariaHidden: true, tabIndex: -1}` if `'append'` or `'prepend'`, otherwise
— extra properties to set on the link when injecting
— extra test for which headings are linked


Example: different behaviors

This example shows what each behavior generates by default.
import {rehype} from 'rehype'
import rehypeAutolinkHeadings from 'rehype-autolink-headings'

const behaviors = ['after', 'append', 'before', 'prepend', 'wrap']
let index = -1
while (++index < behaviors.length) {
  const behavior = behaviors[index]
      await rehype()
        .data('settings', {fragment: true})
        .use(rehypeAutolinkHeadings, {behavior})
        .process('<h1 id="' + behavior + '">' + behavior + '</h1>')

<h1 id="after">after</h1><a href="#after"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>
<h1 id="append">append<a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#append"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a></h1>
<a href="#before"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a><h1 id="before">before</h1>
<h1 id="prepend"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#prepend"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a>prepend</h1>
<h1 id="wrap"><a href="#wrap">wrap</a></h1>

Example: building content with hastscript

The following example passes options.content as a function, to generate an accessible description specific to each link. It uses hastscripthastscript to build nodes.
import {h} from 'hastscript'
import {toString} from 'hast-util-to-string'
import {rehype} from 'rehype'
import rehypeAutolinkHeadings from 'rehype-autolink-headings'

const file = await rehype()
  .data('settings', {fragment: true})
  .use(rehypeAutolinkHeadings, {
    content(node) {
      return [
        h('span.visually-hidden', 'Read the “', toString(node), '” section'),
        h('span.icon.icon-link', {ariaHidden: 'true'})
  .process('<h1 id="pluto">Pluto</h1>')


<h1 id="pluto"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#pluto"><span class="visually-hidden">Read the “Pluto” section</span><span class="icon icon-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a>Pluto</h1>

Example: passing content from a string of HTML

The following example passes content as nodes. It uses hast-util-from-html-isomorphichast-util-from-html-isomorphic to build nodes from a string of HTML.
 * @typedef {import('hast').ElementContent} ElementContent

import {fromHtmlIsomorphic} from 'hast-util-from-html-isomorphic'
import {rehype} from 'rehype'
import rehypeAutolinkHeadings from 'rehype-autolink-headings'

const file = await rehype()
  .data('settings', {fragment: true})
  .use(rehypeAutolinkHeadings, {
    content: /** @type {Array<ElementContent>} */ (
        '<svg height="10" width="10"><circle cx="5" cy="5" r="5" fill="black" /></svg>',
        {fragment: true}
  .process('<h1 id="makemake">Makemake</h1>')


<h1 id="makemake"><a aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1" href="#makemake"><svg height="10" width="10"><circle cx="5" cy="5" r="5" fill="black"></circle></svg></a>Makemake</h1>

Example: group

The following example passes group as a function, to dynamically generate a differing element that wraps the heading. It uses hastscripthastscript to build nodes.
import {h} from 'hastscript'
import {rehype} from 'rehype'
import rehypeAutolinkHeadings from 'rehype-autolink-headings'

const file = await rehype()
  .data('settings', {fragment: true})
  .use(rehypeAutolinkHeadings, {
    behavior: 'before',
    group(node) {
      return h('.heading-' + node.tagName.charAt(1) + '-group')
  .process('<h1 id="ceres">Ceres</h1>')


<div class="heading-1-group"><a href="#ceres"><span class="icon icon-link"></span></a><h1 id="ceres">Ceres</h1></div>


This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports the additional types Behaviorapi-behavior, Buildapi-build, BuildPropertiesapi-build-properties, and Optionsapi-options.


Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with maintained versions of Node.js.
When we cut a new major release, we drop support for unmaintained versions of Node. This means we try to keep the current release line, rehype-autolink-headings@^7, compatible with Node.js 16.
This plugin works with rehype-parse version 1+, rehype-stringify version 1+, rehype version 1+, and unified version 4+.


Use of rehype-autolink-headings can open you up to a cross-site scripting (XSS)xss attack if you pass user provided content in content, group, or properties.
Always be wary of user input and use rehype-sanitizerehype-sanitize.


— add `id`s to headings
— apply syntax highlighting to code blocks
— add a table of contents (TOC)


See contributing.mdcontributing in rehypejs/.githubhealth for ways to get started. See support.mdsupport for ways to get help.
This project has a code of conductcoc. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.


MITlicense © Titus Wormerauthor