Add retry logic to a promise-returning function

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101.0.07 years ago7 years agoMinified + gzip package size for retriable-promise in KB


Add retry logic to a Promise-returning function.
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  • Composable. By wrapping your existing functions, retry logic is easily
integrated into your applications.
  • Simple. The API surface area is minimal but powerful.
  • Tiny. 0 external dependencies. < 30 LOC.
  • Flexible. Works with Bluebird, jQuery, RSVP, and pretty much every other
Promise library out there.


Install using npm:
$ npm install retriable-promise


retriable-promise exports a function that accepts a Promise-returning function and an options object, returning a new function that decorates the given one with retry logic:
retriable(func, options) → Function
const retriable = require('retriable-promise');
const api = require('./my-api-module');

// Create a new function that wraps your existing function with retry logic.
const fetchTweetsWithRetries = retriable(api.fetchTweets, {
  // Retry 3 times, delayed 0/500/1000 ms respectively
  retries: [0, 500, 1000],

  // Only when the status code is 429 Too Many Requests
  when(err) {
    return err.statusCode === 429;

fetchTweetsWithRetries(/* any args to original function */)
  .then(/* on success */)
  .catch(/* on failure */);

Why Another Retry Library?

An npm search brings up half a dozen retry libraries, if not more. promise-retry has hundreds of thousands of downloads. Why not use one of those? Well, for me, I wanted something more lightweight. In my experience, the retry logic I typically add is finite and well understood. Most often, it's retry up to three times, with some form of linear or exponential backoff. This doesn't require any sort of algorithms to work out how and when the retries should be invoked. With such a small number, it's trivial to figure out how long to wait and list out the delays manually. This concept is simple, but deceivingly capable, as you have the flexibility to devise any discrete series of timeouts. This is what primarily drove the API I came up with. Secondarily, I needed a jQuery-compatible solution that could easily decorate existing functions and methods.

Available Options

options.retries (Array, required)

An array of integers, representing the delay (in ms) to wait before invoking each retry attempt. For example, passing { wait: [1000, 1000, 1000] } would configure the returning function to retry up to 3 times, waiting 1 second before each subsequent attempt.

options.when (Function)

By default, retries will be invoked for all Promise rejections. In order to refine which failures are retriable, specify a when function that receives the Promise rejection value as an argument and returns true or false depending on whether a retry should be made.

options.Promise (Function)

The particular Promise implementation can be overridden by specifying options.Promise, which defaults to the native ES2015 Promise. Note that if this option is specified, the given function should conform to the native Promise constructor API, i.e., it is expected to take a callback function that itself receives resolve and reject callbacks and returns an appropriate promise instance.