unist-util-select

unist utility to select nodes with CSS-like selectors

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unist-util-select
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unist utility with equivalents for querySelector, querySelectorAll, and matches.

Contents

*   [`matches(selector, node)`](#matchesselector-node)
*   [`select(selector, tree)`](#selectselector-tree)
*   [`selectAll(selector, tree)`](#selectallselector-tree)

What is this?

This package lets you find nodes in a tree, similar to how querySelector, querySelectorAll, and matches work with the DOM.
One notable difference between DOM and hast is that DOM nodes have references to their parents, meaning that document.body.matches(':last-child') can be evaluated to check whether the body is the last child of its parent. This information is not stored in hast, so selectors like that don’t work.

When should I use this?

This utility works on any unist syntax tree and you can select all node types. If you are working with hast, and only want to select elements, use hast-util-selecthast-util-select instead.
This is a small utility that is quite useful, but is rather slow if you use it a lot. For each call, it has to walk the entire tree. In some cases, walking the tree once with unist-util-visitunist-util-visit is smarter, such as when you want to change certain nodes. On the other hand, this is quite powerful and fast enough for many other cases.

Install

This package is ESM onlyesm. In Node.js (version 14.14+, 16.0+), install with npm:
npm install unist-util-select

In Deno with esm.shesmsh:
import {matches, select, selectAll} from "https://esm.sh/unist-util-select@4"

In browsers with esm.shesmsh:
<script type="module">
  import {matches, select, selectAll} from "https://esm.sh/unist-util-select@4?bundle"
</script>

Use

import {u} from 'unist-builder'
import {matches, select, selectAll} from 'unist-util-select'

const tree = u('blockquote', [
  u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Alpha')]),
  u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Bravo')]),
  u('code', 'Charlie'),
  u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Delta')]),
  u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Echo')]),
  u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Foxtrot')]),
  u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Golf')])
])

matches('blockquote, list', tree) // => true

console.log(select('code ~ :nth-child(even)', tree))
// The paragraph with `Delta`

console.log(selectAll('code ~ :nth-child(even)', tree))
// The paragraphs with `Delta` and `Foxtrot`

API

This package exports the identifiers matches, select, and selectAll. There is no default export.

matches(selector, node)

Check that the given node matches selector.
This only checks the node itself, not the surrounding tree. Thus, nesting in selectors is not supported (paragraph strong, paragraph > strong), neither are selectors like :first-child, etc. This only checks that the given node matches the selector.
Parameters
  • selector (string)
— CSS selector, such as (`heading`, `link, linkReference`).
— node that might match `selector`
Returns
Whether node matches selector (boolean).
Example
import {u} from 'unist-builder'
import {matches} from 'unist-util-select'

matches('strong, em', u('strong', [u('text', 'important')])) // => true
matches('[lang]', u('code', {lang: 'js'}, 'console.log(1)')) // => true

select(selector, tree)

Select the first node that matches selector in the given tree.
Searches the tree in preorder.
Parameters
  • selector (string)
— CSS selector, such as (`heading`, `link, linkReference`).
— tree to search
Returns
First node in tree that matches selector or null if nothing is found.
This could be tree itself.
Example
import {u} from 'unist-builder'
import {select} from 'unist-util-select'

console.log(
  select(
    'code ~ :nth-child(even)',
    u('blockquote', [
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Alpha')]),
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Bravo')]),
      u('code', 'Charlie'),
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Delta')]),
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Echo')])
    ])
  )
)

Yields:
{type: 'paragraph', children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Delta'}]}

selectAll(selector, tree)

Select all nodes that match selector in the given tree.
Searches the tree in
preorder.
Parameters
  • selector (string)
— CSS selector, such as (`heading`, `link, linkReference`).
— tree to search
Returns
Nodes in tree that match selector.
This could include tree itself.
Example
import {u} from 'unist-builder'
import {selectAll} from 'unist-util-select'

console.log(
  selectAll(
    'code ~ :nth-child(even)',
    u('blockquote', [
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Alpha')]),
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Bravo')]),
      u('code', 'Charlie'),
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Delta')]),
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Echo')]),
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Foxtrot')]),
      u('paragraph', [u('text', 'Golf')])
    ])
  )
)

Yields:
[
  {type: 'paragraph', children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Delta'}]},
  {type: 'paragraph', children: [{type: 'text', value: 'Foxtrot'}]}
]

Support

  • x * (universal selector)
  • x , (multiple selector)
  • x paragraph (type selector)
  • x blockquote paragraph (combinator: descendant selector)
  • x blockquote > paragraph (combinator: child selector)
  • x code + paragraph (combinator: adjacent sibling selector)
  • x code ~ paragraph (combinator: general sibling selector)
  • x [attr] (attribute existence, checks that the value on the tree is not
nullish)
  • x [attr=value] (attribute equality, this stringifies values on the tree)
  • x [attr^=value] (attribute begins with, only works on strings)
  • x [attr$=value] (attribute ends with, only works on strings)
  • x [attr*=value] (attribute contains, only works on strings)
  • x [attr~=value] (attribute contains, checks if value is in the array,
if there’s an array on the tree, otherwise same as attribute equality)
  • x :any() (functional pseudo-class, use :matches instead)
  • x :has() (functional pseudo-class)
Relative selectors (`:has(> img)`) are not supported, but `:scope` is
  • x :matches() (functional pseudo-class)
  • x :not() (functional pseudo-class)
  • x :blank (pseudo-class, blank and empty are the same: a parent without
children, or a node without value)
  • x :empty (pseudo-class, blank and empty are the same: a parent without
children, or a node without value)
  • x :root (pseudo-class, matches the given node)
  • x :scope (pseudo-class, matches the given node)
  • x \* :first-child (pseudo-class)
  • x \* :first-of-type (pseudo-class)
  • x \* :last-child (pseudo-class)
  • x \* :last-of-type (pseudo-class)
  • x \* :only-child (pseudo-class)
  • x \* :only-of-type (pseudo-class)
  • x \* :nth-child() (functional pseudo-class)
  • x \* :nth-last-child() (functional pseudo-class)
  • x \* :nth-last-of-type() (functional pseudo-class)
  • x \* :nth-of-type() (functional pseudo-class)
Notes
  • \ — not supported in matches

Types

This package is fully typed with TypeScript
. It exports no additional types.

Compatibility

Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with all maintained versions of Node.js. As of now, that is Node.js 14.14+ and 16.0+. Our projects sometimes work with older versions, but this is not guaranteed.

Related

— check if a node passes a test
— recursively walk over nodes
— like `visit`, but with a stack of parents
— create unist trees

Contribute

See contributing.mdcontributing in syntax-tree/.githubhealth for ways to get started. See support.mdhelp for ways to get help.
This project has a code of conductcoc. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.

License

MITlicense © Eugene Sharygin